Some people live in an area where schools are rated and teachers are paid based on children’s assessment results. In this age of accountability, this scenario is becoming more common. Although accountability is one reason for assessment, learning is assessed for many other reasons. Educators need to be familiar with different types of assessments, their purposes, and their uses. Assessment is a critical aspect of instruction; it assists teachers in knowing what to teach and what children have learned. Educators must take the time to explore the purpose of assessment and understand the criteria for appropriate assessment.